Something About the Best Book

Yes, it is about The  book, the most respected, the most read, the most times read by same person, with the largest number of copies published and sold, most owned, having the widest circulation throughout the world, the most referred, taught and learned, the most translated, the finest piece of literature of all languages having the most unique “rhymed prose” style as described, known by most names. 
 
It is The Holy Quran, known by many other names like Alfurkhan, Al Kithab, Al Zikr, Al Noor, Al Huda etc. and is the last revealed words of Allah, the primary source of every Muslim’s faith and practice. It is the Book of divine guidance and directions for humanity containing literal words of Allah. It is an ocean of knowledge and has solutions to all human problems, complex or time concerning. 
 
It was revealed to prophet Muhammed (s.a.w) from Almighty Allah through his angel Jibril (a.s.) gradually over a period of 23 years. Prophet Muhammed (s.a.w) received the first revelation when he was 40 years old in the cave of Hira during one of his isolated retreat and thereafter occasionally till he died at the age of 63. He recited these verses to his Sahabas (companions) to learn and  memorize. Selected literate among them were asked to record these in a specified order as directed by Prophet Muhammed (s.a.w). But the Quran was not existing in a book form at the time of his death. 
 
After the death of Prophet Muhammed (s.a.w), the first Caliph, Abu Bakr Siddiq (r.a.) under instructions from Umar Farooq (r.a.) decided to compile these verses  into a single volume book and assigned Zayed bin Thabit for the task. A  group of scribes led by Zayed collected the Quranic verses written on various tablets, bones or date palm fronds and from men who knew them by heart. After testifying the genuineness  and correctness with not less than two witnesses, these verses were compiled  and the first unified volume of Quran in book form named Mus’haf came into existence. This was kept by Abu Bakr (r.a.) and subsequently by the second Caliph, Umar bin Khathab (r.a.). After the death of Umar (r.a.), Hafsa Bint Umar, his daughter and widow of Prophet Muhammed (s.a.w.) was entrusted with the possession of this Quran. When the third Caliph, Uthman bin Affan (r.a.) noticed slight changes in the pronunciation of Quran among Muslims spread beyond Arabian Peninsula like Persia and North Africa and to preserve the sanctity of the text, formed a committee again under the leadership of Zayed bin Thabit to make several copies of the Quran using the copy with Hafsa. These copies, known to be Uthmani Mus’haf were sent to main centres of Muslim world with strict instructions as only these copies to be followed and any other versions destroyed. 
 
All the Qurans now being used throughout the world are further and exact duplication of these original copies. One of these original copies prepared during Uthman(r.a.) has been recently found in one of the libraries of Al Azhar university in Egypt. It is in Kufa script prevailed in olden days and has about 1000 pages written on deer skin.
 
The Arabic word Quran means “the recitation” or “that which is recited”. It was recited to Prophet Muhammed (s.a.w.) by Allah’s angel Jibril (a.s.). The Quran is eternal and uncreated and hence is different from all other books. It is not possible for a human to produce a book like the Quran.  Its poetic form is so unique that similar texts cannot be written by humans. The Quran in itself challenges anyone who disagree with its divine origin to produce at least a single line similar to that. So far no one has been able to put up another. Quran is free from any contradictions and this is a proof that it is not coming from a human but from Allah himself.  Its accurate prophecies are being found happening as time evolves.
 
The Holy Qur’an says that no human will be able to forge even a part of it and that no corruption shall touch it from any side. It is a miracle that the Holy Qur’an has remained unchanged and unaltered during all these 1400 years and it shall remain so till the Day of Resurrection, for Allah has taken it on Himself to protect it. 
 
It deals with all the subjects which concern human beings like wisdom, doctrine, worship, transactions, law, etc. But its basic theme is the relationship between Allah and His creatures.  At the same time, it provides guidelines and detailed teachings for a just society, proper human conduct, and an equitable economic system. The Quran contains descriptions about the existence of one and only God Allah, the resurrection, the early prophets, ethical and legal subjects, historical events of previous prophets’ era, human obligations to Allah, exhortations of right and wrong, the last day, rewards and punishments, life hereafter etc etc. It gives warnings to people to be prepared for the imminent last day, the Day of Judgment. It is the verbal divine guidance and moral directions on civil, military and religious laws for all humanity and is the last revelation. It advocates worship of one God, Allah.
 
The Quran consists of 114 chapters of varying lengths, each known as a surah, classified as Meccan or Medini as per location where revealed. The longer chapters appear earlier in the Quran, while the shorter ones  later irrespective of the sequence of revelation. Each chapter (except one) starts with Bismi (‘Bismillahi rahmani raheem’ meaning “In the name of God, most Gracious, most Compassionate”. In Islam every good action is to be started with Bismi to have Allah’s blessing in that.) is formed by several verses, known as ayat. The number of verses differs from chapter to chapter.  The total number of verses in the Quran is above 6000.  The whole Quran is divided into 30 equal parts  called juzu named with the first word starting the respective juzu.  There are other divisions also marked in the Quran for convenience and easy reading.
The Quran has been translated into more than 120 languages of the world, with or without explanations and is the most translated book. The Quran was revealed to Prophet Muhammad (s.a.w.) in Arabic only and hence, any Quranic translation, either in English or in any other language, is neither a Quran, nor a version of the Quran, but rather it is only a translation of the meaning of the Quran.  The Quran exists only in  Arabic in which it was revealed.
 
The Holy Qur’an deserves utmost respect  and hence has to be handled in a respective manner.
 
For a sample taste of Quran, just listen to the audio.
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4 thoughts on “Something About the Best Book

  1. A beautiful presentation on the history of Holy Quran . Thanks for giving such an elaborate description so that even people who are not acquainted with Holy Quran can also understand it. May God bless you for this honorable work. The sample recitation added is fantastic.Thank you.

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